The 20th Century was defined by the struggle between Capitalism and Communism. The 21st Century will be defined by the struggle between Nationalism and Globalism.
This is an excerpt from an article that appeared in Michael Puscar’s opinion column on Medium.com. Read the full article here.
On July 1, 1944, the great powers of the 20th century arrived in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire to define a new postwar order. Europe, weary and devastated by two great wars that took more than 77 million lives, knew that security would only be found in a new world order.
Breton Woods was followed in 1948 by the Hague Congress, in which the European Movement International was born. This was a precursor to the 1957 Treaty of Rome and finally the Maastricht Treaty which led to the formation of the European Union.
In the post World War 2 era, the Cold War brought stability to the world by aligning countries in clear black and white terms along ideological lines. Countries were either communist or capitalist, West or East, with both sides far more interested in prosperity than a third world war.